Do you have PCOD or PCOS? You’re not alone. One in five women in India, or roughly 20% of all women, are thought to have this problem.
PCOD or PCOS is a condition that affects women’s ovaries, which are reproductive organs that produce the hormones progesterone and estrogen that help regulate the menstrual cycle as well as small amounts of androgens, which are male hormones that are inhibiting, relaxing, and responsible for male sexual characteristics.
Nearly 10% of women worldwide experience PCOD.In comparison to PCOS women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. They skip their menstrual cycles as a result of this hormonal imbalance, which also makes it more difficult for women to conceive.
It's a fairly common disorder, but one with no exact cure.
What happens in PCOD?
PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a disorder where a woman's ovaries frequently generate immature or partially mature eggs, which eventually develop into cysts in the ovaries. Because of this, the ovaries enlarge and release a lot of androgens, which can lead to infertility, irregular menstruation periods, hair loss, and unnatural weight gain. Dietary changes and lifestyle adjustments can help with PCOD management.
What is PCOS?
PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a metabolic condition where a woman's reproductive years are impacted by hormone imbalance (between ages 12 and 51). Increased amounts of male hormones can cause women to skip menstrual cycles, have irregular ovulation that makes it difficult to get pregnant, and experience abnormal hair growth on their bodies and faces at the same time. Over time, this can result in diabetes and heart disease. PCOS is a significant medical issue that needs to be treated surgically or with the appropriate medical care.
PCOS prevalence in India
PCOS prevalence in India ranges from 3.7% to 22.5%. Due to very limited data and different regions, it is very difficult to define the prevalence of PCOS in India.
Difference between PCOD and PCOS
The names PCOD and PCOS are often used interchangeably. Let us look the difference between both:
PCOD is a medical condition that causes the ovaries of women to generate immature or partially dirty eggs, which develop into cysts.
PCOS is a more severe condition, in which ovaries release an excessive amount of male hormones, which leads to the development of extra cysts.
In contrast to PCOS, which releases more male hormones, PCOD produces fewer and less apparent symptoms.
Women suffering from PCOS often struggle with the symptoms from a younger age.
Women who suffer from PCOD experience mild to moderate symptoms. Medication, dietary changes, and lifestyle adjustments can all help to manage these symptoms.
Women with PCOS may need fertility treatments as well as ongoing care to handle any additional health issues they may experience.
PCOD is a common disorder, 10% of the world women population is affected by it.
PCOS is a significant medical disorder that affects 0.2% to 2.5% of women worldwide.
Complications/symptoms due to PCOD and PCOS:
Excessive hair growth
Heavy bleeding during period
Darkening of skin or pigmentation around the neck
Treatment for Polycystic Ovarian Disease?
There is currently no known treatment for PCOD. However, you may control the illness with the right care and lifestyle changes. For PCOD, your healthcare team will probably use a multidisciplinary therapy strategy. A dermatologist, gynecologist, endocrinologist, dietitian, and infertility specialist could be a part of it.
Weight management is one of the most practical approaches to control and manage your symptoms. Did you know that even a 5% weight loss will make therapy simpler and more successful? As a result, PCOD sufferers must exercise frequently and follow a balanced diet and lifestyle. If you have this condition, be sure to eat less foods rich in sugar and carbohydrates and more foods high in fiber and protein.
Home cures and lifestyle changes for PCOD/PCOS
PCOD / PCOS mainly affects the body’s hormone balance in females. Women can reduce their body's androgen levels by taking the following actions:
- Maintaining healthy body weight: Females with a BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 are considered to be in excellent health, while those over 30 are considered obese and unfit. Losing weight or keeping it off helps to improve overall cholesterol levels in the body, lower the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease, maintain appropriate insulin levels, testosterone levels, and restore the ovulation phase of the menstrual cycle. Consult a dietician to develop a weight-loss plan so you can get your BMI into a healthy range.Limiting carbohydrate's consumption: Follow a low-carb diet or a diet high in complex carbs if you have PCOS or PCOD as these conditions help to keep insulin levels in check. Eat fish, meat, eggs, vegetables that grow above ground, and natural fats (such as butter, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds) while avoiding sugar and meals high in carbohydrates (like potatoes, bread, rice, pasta, and beans)
- Do regular exercise and be active: If you have PCOD or PCOS doing regular exercise and becoming active will help in regulating blood sugar levels and keep your weight under control.
PCOD can be treated with the correct lifestyle and medications. Consult your gynecologist if you feel you